What is Blockchain?


    A blockchain is a distributed, unchangeable database that makes recording transactions and managing assets in a corporate network much easier. A tangible asset (a house, car, cash, or land) can be intangible (intellectual property, patents, copyrights, branding). A blockchain network can track and sell virtually anything of value, lowering risk and slashing costs for all parties involved.

    Importance of blockchain

    Information is the lifeblood of business. The faster and more accurate it is received, the better. Because it delivers immediate, shareable, and entirely transparent information kept on an immutable ledger that can only be viewed by permissioned network users, blockchain is excellent for delivering that information. Orders, payments, accounts, production, and much more may all be tracked using a blockchain network. You can see all facts of a transaction end to end since members share a single view of the truth, providing you more confidence as well as additional efficiencies and opportunities.

    Key elements of blockchain

    • Distributed ledger technology: The distributed ledger and its immutable record of transactions are accessible to all network participants. Transactions are only recorded once with this shared ledger, eliminating the duplication of effort that is common in traditional commercial networks.
    • Immutable records: After a transaction has been logged to the shared ledger, no participant can edit or tamper with it. If a mistake is found in a transaction record, a new transaction must be entered to correct the problem, and both transactions are then visible.
    • Smart contracts – A collection of rules called a smart contract is stored on the blockchain and executed automatically to speed up transactions. A smart contract can specify requirements for corporate bond transfers, as well as payment terms for trip insurance.

    How it works

    • Each transaction is logged as a “block” of data as it occurs; these transactions depict the movement of a tangible (a product) or intangible asset (intellectual). The data block can store any information you want, including who, what, when, where, how much, and even the state of a shipment, such as a temperature.
    • Each block is linked to the blocks that come before and after it—as assets transfer from one location to another or ownership changes hands, these blocks form a data chain. The blocks validate the exact timing and sequence of transactions, and they are securely linked together to prevent any block from being changed or inserted between two other blocks.
    • In a blockchain, transactions are linked in an irreversible chain—each successive block enhances the prior block’s verification, and hence the entire blockchain. The blockchain becomes tamper-evident as a result, giving the key strength of immutability. This eliminates the risk of tampering by a hostile actor and creates a trusted record of transactions for you and other network users.

    Benefits of blockchain

    Duplicate record keeping and third-party validation waste a lot of time in operations. Fraud and cyberattacks can compromise record-keeping systems. Data verification might be slowed by a lack of openness. Transaction volumes have exploded since the introduction of the IoT. All of this slows operations, lower profits, and signals the need for a better solution. Here comes blockchain.

    • More confidence:-As as a member of a members-only network, you can trust that you will receive accurate and timely data from the blockchain and that your confidential blockchain records will be shared only with network members to whom you have specifically authorized access.
    • Enhanced safety – All network participants must agree on data accuracy, and all confirmed transactions are immutable because they are permanently recorded. A transaction cannot be deleted by anyone, including the system administrator.
    • Enhanced efficiencies – Time-consuming record reconciliations are eliminated with a distributed ledger shared across network participants. A collection of rules called a smart contract can be placed on the blockchain and implemented automatically to speed up transactions.

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